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欧游杂记(十一)

2014/11/27

离开了维也纳的闹市区,我们还要去看一看夏宫——香布伦宫(Schloss Schönbrunn)。欧洲的城都很小,维也那也不例外,没用多少时间就从市中心到了所谓的夏宫。这夏宫占地很大,外面有围墙和大门,昨天晚上的音乐会好象就是在它侧面的一幢建筑里举行的。香布伦宫门口没有收门票的,进了大门是一个很大的广场,广场尽头的中央有一个三层楼高的圣诞树。广场四周也摆满了用铁皮房子做的摊位,有卖纪念品,小吃和热红酒的,看来这整个德语区的圣诞习俗还是差不多的。广场的那头是一座很大很宽的赭色建筑,就是大名鼎鼎的香布伦宫了。

我们从左边的小道绕着走,这是一条两边都是树林的车马道,中间还经过了一个摆了雕塑的喷水池。可惜因为天气太冷,水池的大部分都结冰了。看着站在水当中沾着冰柱、而且还是光着身子的雕塑天使人物,还有蹼在水里的鸳鸯,不由地替她们打了个寒颤。

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绕到宫殿的后面,就是一个硕大的花园了。这里有不少花草还显着绿色,想必夏天的时候一定是非常漂亮的(回来后搜了别人照的照片,确实如此)。跨过比足球场还要大的花园,那里又是一组海神的雕塑。从这里拾级上山,上面又有一幢中文译作凯旋门(Gloriette)的罗马式门廊建筑,中间现在是一间茶室。在这里可以俯瞰花园和香布伦宫,更有远处城市的景色。这幢后山坡上的建筑的(下面略去若干字,倒不是内容问题,而是从本篇开篇已经快三年了,上面几个字大概是在快两年前写的,实在不知道怎么续上这半句话。)

现在回想起来,这个地方,除了宫殿、喷泉和花园,另外一个印象深刻的是门廊两边的雕塑,都是大件的盔甲武器,堆叠在一起的样子,后来在欧洲各地也看到过类似的雕塑,大概有解甲归田的意思吧。

再次穿过花园,回到宫殿主建筑,里面一边是排队上厕所的,另一边是排队进去参观皇宫的。我们一看表,还有半个多小时集合,于是决定买票进去走一圈,因为下次来还不知道什么时候呢。忘了那时候有没有拿语音导游,反正就是一间一间地走,有皇帝和皇后的寝室、书房,各种会客厅、餐厅等等几十间。总的感觉还是灰扑扑的,不但是因为房间里灯光的关系,而且所有的织物,包括靠垫、窗帘等都显得很旧,不是很干净悦目的感觉。一圈跑下来也差不多半个小时,我们还是从大门出去,到集合的大巴旁边,看到很多团友围着小摊在买土豆饼。大概是给惹烦了,等轮到我们的时候,摊主说这拨卖完了,下拨要等。我们只能悻悻地回到车上。

这时已经是下午了吧,团友们也纷纷上了车,然后就是等,左等右等只有坐在右边第一排的那对南非来的上海夫妇没有回来。一开始还想下车去看看土豆饼还有得卖没有,越往后就越不敢下车,生怕人家回来又等我们。可是这一等就是三刻钟,原来那两人在皇宫后面的茶室吃午饭了,让一车子的人饿着肚子等。没有办法,那时候通讯不如现在这么发达,坐大巴旅游就是有这缺点。等车子开了,区导责备两人,让他们呆会儿给大家买糖吃。我已经忘了那天的午饭怎么解决的,大概是在中间停车的时候随便买了点吧。到天黑以后好像还在赶路。到吃晚饭的时候,也是在一个休息站一样的地方吃了些汤和面包片这样子。那天晚上应该是住在纽伦堡的郊外的一个酒店的。

(具体顺序有待考证:维也纳-纽伦堡-法兰克福-海德堡-梅斯-巴黎)

Ireland

2014/03/02

Sears Canada is going to close for good, finally.

2013/11/29

Paid a visit to Sears Canada this Black Friday. The percentage discount sign is everywhere, from 10% to 40% upon the lowest marked price. There is also another 10%-off sign on many shelves with fineprint only if you spend $50 or more by Sears card. The store is like a huge warehouse. I don’t think there is anyone really sort out all the goods, also cannot believe Sears could hoard so many craps and survive on markup prices for so many years.
Even with the discounts, there is really nothing attractive in the store. No wonder the news early this week said Sears is going to close all the business in Canada. Anyway, I picked 3 pairs of socks before leaving the store. Each has the original tag says $7 for one and $16 for three, and all socks can have 25% off on the lowest marked price. But when I checked out, I found this is actually a scam. The receipt showed each was charged $5.25 (25% off from $7) plus tax with total almost $18. My math tells me they should be $12 (25% off from $16 when I buy 3 pairs) plus tax. I wanted them returned, but with the huge “All are final sale, No return” sign at the check-out, they have to talk to the manager. Finally, they reversed the transaction, but cannot give me any proof if there is any dispute on my credit card statement.
Alright, shopping at this store is just full of scam and hustle, who would go back and spend one more cent in Sears Canada? They should be closing for good.

英文“阳台”怎么说?

2013/02/23

英文的阳台应该是很简单的词,最早学到的是balcony,后来又学到了veranda,之后还接触了意思相近的词,譬如porch、patio、deck。就象阳台和上海人说的“晒台”意指不同,英文里的这些词也是有区别的,中文翻译也都是近义,而不是十分贴切的。

Balconies 阳台

"Juliet" balcony

A balcony is a platform that protrudes from the wall of an upper floor of a building and is enclosed by a railing. Balconies are often highly decorative, especially in wealthy or scenic areas. They are not designed as social areas but, rather, add an outdoor ambiance to the indoors.

Balcony Facts:

  • In William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, Juliet famously courted Romeo from her balcony. The small balcony design typically associated with that scene is often referred to as a “Juliet balcony.”
  • Balconies can be large enough to resemble decks, but they do not provide access to the ground.
  • "Balcony" originates from the Italian word balcone, which means “large window.”
  • Balconies can be made from wood, iron, stone, and many other masonry materials.

Balcony – a small external space entered from a room above ground

DecksDeck 平台

A deck is a large, raised wooden floor attached to the back of a house and contained by a perimeter railing for safety. Decks are rarely covered, and usually have a rough or informal look that is not integrated with the rest of the house’s design. They are typically intended to be locations for large outdoor social gatherings, such as barbecues and birthday parties. Access to the deck may be from the ground through a stairway, or from the house through a back door.

Deck Facts:

  • The word “deck,” in this context, is generalized from decks on a ship.
  • The word “deck” originates from the Middle Low German word verdeck, meaning "covering." 
  • The first commercial boardwalk in the United States, which is considered a deck, was built in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

Deck – an area of open ground raised with a wooden structure to provide an area of hard standing for various uses.

A deck is made of wood or synthetic wood. A patio is made of cement, stone or slate or a combination of those materials. Furthermore, a veranda is defined as an open-walled, roofed porch. I believe it may be considered a synonym for porch…

Patiospatio 露台

A patio is typically a paved, roofless surface adjoining a residence that is generally intended for dining and recreation. These open-air living spaces are at ground level and are usually made from cement, stone, slate, or a combination of these materials.

Patio Facts:

  • "Patio" originates from the latin word patere, meaning “to lie open.”
  • “Patio” is Spanish for “backyard” or “back garden.”
  • In Australia, a patio often refers to any kind of outdoor verandah or balcony.

Patio – a paved area outside to be used as open air living space

A patio is typically an outdoor space adjacent to a residence that is paved and does not have a roof. It may use pavers, brick, stone or concrete (if it’s made of wood, it would typically be called a deck). It’s used for relaxing, recreation or dining. In Spanish style homes it may refer to the interior courtyard. Many masonry homes in the St Petersburg area will have patios, especially smaller ones.

PorchesPorch 门廊

A porch is a wooden structure that forms a covered entrance to a doorway at ground level.  A porch is typically located at the front of the house.

Porch Facts:

  • Porches are often used as ante-rooms where muddy or wet clothes can be shed before entering the house.
  • The word “porch” originates from the Latin word porta, which means “gate” or “entrance.”
  • While many houses in the southern United States, as well as Victorian-style houses, have large porches suitable for social gatherings, most modern porches are too small for comfortable social use, and  merely add to the visual appeal of the building.
  • Porches are typically integrated with the house’s architecture by using similar design elements.

Porch – a small covered structure surrounding the outside of an entrance door (it’s purpose is to provide temporary shelter at the doorway)

A porch is attached to the home usually in the front or back. A balcony is an extension of a room on the exterior of the home usually in the air. A patio is detached from the home and on the ground. A deck is can be attach or detached from the home but is not covered and is not on the ground. A veranda is a mixture of a porch and a balcony. It is used as living space.

A porch is an extension to the exterior of a house, generally at the same level as the floor inside. It usually has a wood floor and generally has a roof. It may be on the front, back or side of the home and a home may have multiple porches. The sides may be open, screened, glassed or have lattice. It can be utilitarian, to protect you from the elements while you’re waiting to enter the home or a place to take off your boots or garden shoes; it can be the size of a room, with furniture for relaxing or dining. The materials and style are generally compatible with the house it’s attached to. Frame homes in older St Petersburg neighborhoods like the Old Northeast and Kenwood will typically have porches.

Verandahs 长廊

large verandah

A veranda is a long, roofed, open gallery built around a central structure and supported by pillars. Verandahs are often long enough to extend around the front and the sides of a structure. Their origins are uncertain, but they are known to be a hybrid of East Indian and European styles. The purpose of the verandah is social, although in a more relaxing, everyday sense than is the case of a deck or patio.

Verandah Facts:

  • "Verandah" is alternately spelled “veranda.”
  • Verandah appears in Hindi and several other native Indian languages, although it appears to be an adaptation of the Portuguese and Spanish baranda.
  • Australia and New Zealand have their own unique style of verandah. Some verandahs in these countries are roof-like structures that surround commercial buildings, often on every floor. Their purpose is to provide protection from the sun.

Veranda – a large covered area attached to the side of a building intended to be used as living space without solid walls

A veranda or verandah may be a large porch that’s a room for entertaining or it may be a gallery running along one or more sides of the home, roofed, perhaps with a railing. Often a verandah will wrap around a house – think Victorian or New Orleans style here – perhaps on the front and both sides. Verandas aren’t as common in St Petersburg but there are occasional Victorian style homes and some of the 1920s Mediterranean style homes will have them.

Lanai 夏威夷阳台

A lanai is less frequently defined, and often as a roofed porch or verandah. Actually it’s the Hawaiian word for patio or balcony. In Florida we wouldn’t use lanai for a balcony. A lanai is a typical term in a tropical climate and generally is furnished like a room. It may have removable panels of glass, screen or plastic and would usually have a hard surface floor, similar to a patio. Lanais are found in many St Petersburg neighborhoods – think of the masonry waterfront homes in Venetian Isles, Broadwater and Yacht Club Estates.

From Exterior Design Features – InterNACHI http://www.nachi.org/exterior-design-features.htm#ixzz2LkIdZN16

other links:

http://mgerwingarch.com/2011/07/28/architects-glossary-patio-terrace-veranda-deck-balcony/

http://www.homedit.com/what-is-the-difference-between-a-porch-balcony-verandapatio-and-deck/

Picasa Album

2013/02/18

Drive on Montreal F1 Circuit Gilles Villeneuve

2013/02/18

中欧散记(后记)

2012/09/04

        中欧之旅已经过去快五个月了,总算把大部分的内容都写了下来。以前的几次旅游都试图要写下来(欧游杂记—法德奥2007、加勒比海游轮2010等等),可是都没有全部完成,这是第一次从头至尾都写到了。有点象流水帐,而且越写就越觉得不会写,有时候越写句子越短、词越用越少,望着屏幕上贫乏的文字,搜肠刮肚想写出点色彩来,可是总没有达到自己满意的程度。于是就只能安慰自己,写下的这些,就是为了自己年纪大了不记事的时候,可以拿出来回忆一番。文字总比照片更具有描述性,而且是流动的,有前因后果,有自己的感受在里面。这是第一版,以后有机会再添加更多的照片,也可能加上详细的地图。

        在旅途即将结束的时候,在布达佩斯机场等飞机、上网,居然在微博上看到老同学发出的一张很多很多年前的集体照,是那年春天我们在长兴岛,……。回来后,在老同学和新朋友的鼓励下,终于断断续续地把“中欧散记”写完了。V1.0简版包括序、15篇游记、后记和5篇宾馆点评作为附录,原创于woodaway.wordpress.com和TripAdvisor,同步到新浪博客和新浪微博。接下来,先把未完成的游记完成了,再写写今年七月的波罗的海游轮。

        敬请期待。